Teylingen Castle or ruin is a Historic Dutch castle in the municipality of Teylingen, in the village of Voorhout, near the border with the village of Sassenheim. It is presumably the family keep of the noble family Van Teylingen.
The story of the Teylingen Castle starts in the beginning of the 13th century. At present, only the ruins of the castle remain. These remnants are well preserved, and consist of a surrounding wall and a donjon which forms part of the wall partially surrounded by water. The wall dates from the beginning of the 13th century and the main building shortly thereafter. The castle was damaged heavily around 1570 during the Eighty Years’ War, and partially restored thereafter.
Dutch National Heratige
The donjon was partially burnt in 1675 and after which decay set in, and further parts were gradually demolished. The lands (and the ruins) became possessions of the province of Holland, and were nationalised in 1795. The grounds were later sold under the condition that the ruins would not be demolished. This made the ruins one of the first examples of the Dutch National Heratige (Monumenten Zorg).
In 1889, the ruins were donated by Jhr. Mr. W. van Teylingen to the Dutch state, who remain the current caretakers. The ruins fall under the jurisdiction of the Rijksgebouwendienst (state’s building service). At the end of the 20th century, the ruins were partially restored and the partially filled in moat was also restored to its original state. Funding for the restoration was made possible through the purchasing of grounds by the Foundation Slot Teylingen, which then donated the acquired grounds back to the Dutch state.
The municipality of Teylingen is named after the castle, partly because the name Teylingen was also present in the three former municipalities Sassenheim, Voorhout and Warmond.
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